Lightening or darkening a colour by adding black or white is related to a modification of the colour’s brightness. Adding black is referred to as shading a colour, while admixing white is termed as tinting a colour. Shaded hues of red and orange change their appearance towards brown; yellow moves towards a greenish tinge, while hues of green and blue simply appear darker. The tints of a colour can also be referred to as pastel colours. For related information, read the entry concerning light-dark contrast.
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